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"NATO Air Armada Begins Wave of Attacks on Serbian Targets. On May 1965, British and French Defense ministers signed a cooperative construction agreement on a Jaguar training combat and support aircraft which was a direct adaptation of the Br 121 initially chosen for the French program. [63][66] The Jaguars stationed at Ndjamena were a target for Libyan sabotage owing to their effectiveness against enemy forces, but the attempts were unsuccessful. [60] Jaguars made their combat debut against Polisario Front forces in Mauritania in December 1977, as part of Opération Lamantin. These pioneering Airbus aircraft established the modern standard of wide-body, comfort throughout the company’s entire product line. [1][2] In both countries several companies tendered designs: BAC, Hunting, Hawker Siddeley and Folland in Britain; Breguet, Potez, Sud-Aviation, Nord, and Dassault from France. [55], The French Air Force took delivery of the first production Jaguar in 1973, one of an eventual 160 single-seat Jaguar As. Escadron de Chasse 4/7 "Limousin". From the beginning of the sixties, the Air Force general staff had been looking for an aircraft able to replace its Lockheed T 33 and Fouga Magister in training maneuvers, as well as its Mystère IV in tactical support. Dassault favoured its own Mirage G aircraft above the collaborative AFVG, and in June 1967, France cancelled the AFVG on cost grounds. Cirincione, Joseph, Jon B. Wolfsthal and Miriam Rajkumar. As a result, the initial Br.121 design needed a thinner wing, redesigned fuselage, a higher rear cockpit, and after-burning engines. The Jaguar International was an export version which was sold to Ecuador, Nigeria and Oman. Lake, Jon. [28] The aircraft had hardpoints fitted for an external weapons load of up to 10,000 lb (4,500 kg),[27] typical weapons fitted included the MATRA LR.F2 rocket pod, BAP 100-mm bombs, MATRA AS37 anti-radar missiles, AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, and Rockeye cluster bombs. The first of eight prototypes flew on 8 September 1968, a two-seat design fitted with the first production model Adour engine. [32] The RAF's detachment of 12 Jaguars flew 612 combat sorties, with no aircraft being lost. The 21st Century Jaguar– Jaguar MAX. Scopri le migliori foto stock e immagini editoriali di attualità di Next Generation Airline Innovations On Display At 2018 Aircraft Interiors Expo su Getty Images. [95] India placed an order for 17 additional upgraded Jaguar aircraft from Hindustan Aeronautics in 1999 and a further 20 in 2001–2002. [24] The second prototype flew in February 1969; a total of three prototypes appeared in flight at the Paris Air Show that year. [13], The Jaguar was to replace the McDonnell Douglas Phantom FGR2 in the close air support, tactical reconnaissance and tactical strike roles, freeing the Phantom to be used for air defence. JAGUAR. In addition to new avionics and equipment installed as part of DARIN II upgrade, DARIN III would feature modified avionics architecture, new cockpit with dual SMD, solid state flight data recorder and solid state video recording system, auto pilot system, integration of new multi-mode radar on Jaguar IS (currently only Jaguar IM are fitted with radars). http://www.demobbed.org.uk/aircraft.php?type=631, Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1980–81,[27], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Breguet later merged to form Dassault-Breguet, subsequently, Abbas, Ahmed. [98] The second batch of aircraft for the Indian Air Force were 40 Jaguar Internationals built at Warton, the first aircraft being delivered in March 1981. Indian Jaguars were used to carry out reconnaissance missions in support of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. [45] Even following the Jaguar's retirement in Europe, the Adour continues to be an active product with new variants being developed. The technical contractorship of the French side was directed by a French-British consortium, SEPECAT (Société Européenne de Production de l’Avion d’Ecole de Combat et d’Appui Tactique) and theoretically entrusted to Breguet Aviation, bought over by Dassault in 1967. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. [91], Demands by the UK Treasury to cut the defence budget led to Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon detailing plans on 21 July 2004 to withdraw the Jaguar by 2007. [111] They were used mainly for ground attack roles and occasionally for air superiority duties during the Cenepa War with Peru in 1995, but the main part of the fleet was held in reserve in case of a wider conflict with the Peruvians. "SEPECAT Jaguar: The RAF's 'newest' Fast Jet: Part 1". La Jaguar Cars Ltd. è una casa automobilistica britannica specializzata nel settore delle vetture sportive. 226 OCU (Operational Conversion Unit), http://www.demobbed.org.uk/aircraft.php?type=631, http://www.thunder-and-lightnings.co.uk/jaguar/history.php, "Mixed news for contractors in UK defence spending plans. When the prototypes made their first flights, the RAF once again modified its defense policy: the training mission now appeared to be secondary and they wanted to transfer all credit lines to tactical support aircraft. [31] On 26 January, RAF Jaguars and Tornadoes raided several Silkworm missile batteries in Kuwait to encourage the perception of an imminent amphibious invasion to liberate the country. These were supplemented by 35 two seat trainers, the Jaguar T2 (previously Jaguar B). Formed April 1980 at St Dizier, but soon moved to. The Jaguar programme began in the early 1960s, in response to a British requirement (Air Staff Target 362) for an advanced supersonic jet trainer to replace the Folland Gnat T1 and Hawker Hunter T7, and a French requirement (ECAT or École de Combat et d'Appui Tactique, "Tactical Combat Support Trainer") for a cheap, subsonic dual role trainer and light attack aircraft to replace the Fouga Magister, Lockheed T-33 and Dassault Mystère IV. In October a British "S" conducted its first flight. The upgrade came in two parts; the interim GR3 (Jaguar 96) upgrade added a new HUD, a new hand controller and stick top, integrated GPS and TERPROM Terrain Referenced Navigation. To modify or access your data, you may write to contact-rgpd@dassault-aviation.com. [111] The first of twelve aircraft arrived in January 1977. Later IAF took decisions not to upgrade the engines It is still in service in upgraded form with the Indian Air Force. [22][23] This aircraft later went supersonic on its third flight but was lost on landing on 26 March 1970 following an engine fire. [97][102] The Jaguar remains an important element of the Indian military as, along with the Mirage 2000, the Jaguar has been described as one of the few aircraft capable of performing the nuclear strike role with reasonable chances of success. One aircraft was shot down, but the pilot was recovered by helicopter. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. [107] Japan began negotiations towards licensed production of the Jaguar,[108] but these plans failed in part because of the high royalty payments sought by SEPECAT. Green, William, Gordon Swanborough and Pushpinder Singh Chopra, eds. [44][46] As of February 2013, the Indian Air Force was considering fitting 125 Jaguars with new Honeywell F125IN engines.[47]. French Jaguar OCU. Received Jaguars February 1975. Seven prototypes were planned four in France, and three in Great Britain, manufactured by two parallel assembly lines, one in each country. [19] The French, meanwhile, had chosen the Jaguar to replace the Aeronavale's Dassault Étendard IV, and increased their order to include an initial 40 of a carrier-capable maritime version of the Jaguar, the Jaguar M, for the Aeronavale. [112] Nigeria ordered 13 single-seat SN and 5 two-seat BN variants; SEPECAT delivered the first of these in May 1984. Jaguar Conversion Team at RAF Lossiemouth (initial OCU). SEPECAT Jaguar a strike aircraft designed in 60 s flew in 1968 and inducted in 1973 more than 500 were built Though based in part on the Breguet Br.121, using the same basic configuration and an innovative French-designed landing gear, the Jaguar was built incorporating major elements of design from BAC, notably the wing and high lift devices. RAF Jaguars entered service using the Mk.102 engine, mainly featuring better afterburner-throttle control over the Mk.101. For now, aircraft like 777X will be the future of aviation. ", "RAF nuclear front line Order-of-Battle 1976. ", Chronological Sepecat & BAC Jaguar Losses & Ejections, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SEPECAT_Jaguar&oldid=999262424, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Escuadron de Combate 2111 "Águilas" (Eagles). [95][96] The order involved 40 Jaguars built in Europe at Warton, and 120 licence-built aircraft from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under the local name Shamsher ("Sword of Justice"). The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French jet attack aircraft originally used by the British Royal Air Force and the French Air Force in the close air support and nuclear strike role. The Jaguar S and B had a more comprehensive nav/attack system than the A and E models used by the French Air Force, consisting of a Ferranti/Marconi NAVWASS (NAVigation and Weapon Aiming Sub System) and a Plessey 10 Way Weapon Control System. [73] The Jaguars also performed valuable reconnaissance of the combat area for Coalition forces. [101] The Jaguar is also used in small numbers for the anti-ship role, equipped with the Sea Eagle missile. January 15, 1965, Breguet won the market because its aircraft was smaller and lighter and because its price conformed with the project budget. [44] The Adour engine found use in several aircraft abroad, such as the McDonnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk, the Mitsubishi T-2, and the Mitsubishi F-1(which resembles the Jaguar). [111] Pakistan approached SEPECAT after the US refused to sell their aircraft of choice, the LTV A-7 Corsair II, due to an arms embargo; Pakistan eventually opted for Mirage 5s. In the Gulf War, the Jaguar was praised for its reliability and was a valuable coalition resource. [74], The RAF accepted delivery of the first of 165 single seat Jaguar GR1s (the service designation of the Jaguar S) with 54(F) squadron in 1974. [5] In its original configuration, it had a maximum take-off weight in the 15 tonne class;[27] and could manage a combat radius on internal fuel alone of 850 km (530 mi), giving the Jaguar a greater operational range than competitor aircraft such as the Mikoyan MiG-27. After testing in France it went to RAE at Thurleigh for carrier landing trials from their land based catapult, after which, in July 1970, it underwent a series of shipboard trials from the French carrier Clemenceau. Aircraft photo of XZ373 / GF - Sepecat Jaguar GR1A - UK - Air Force, taken by Joop de Groot at Coltishall (EGYC / CLF) (closed) in England, United Kingdom on 12 July 1993. Two further squadrons, 2 Squadron and 41 Squadron based at RAF Laarbruch and RAF Coltishall respectively, were primarily tasked with tactical reconnaissance. This aircraft later went supersonic on its third flight but was lost on landing on 26 March 1970 following an engine fire.The second prototype flew in February 1969; a total of three protot… [92] On 20 December 2007, a Jaguar operated by Qinetiq undertook the last British military Jaguar flight.[93]. Operational June 1977. In a significant milestone for the country's military aviation sector, the upgraded Jaguar DARIN III twin-seat aircraft has received Initial Operation Clearance (IOC). [11], Previous collaborative efforts between Britain and France had been complicated – the AFVG programme ended in cancellation, and controversy surrounded the development of the supersonic airliner Concorde. [42][43], The Adour was developed into both afterburning and non-afterburning models;[44] the BAE Hawk, which had beaten the Jaguar to fulfill the Air Staff Target 362 trainer requirement, also adopted the non-afterburning Adour engine developed for the Jaguar. "Mauritanie 1977: Lamantin, une intervention extérieure à dominante air" (in French). [62] The Jaguars were engaged in May and June 1978, contributing significantly in halting an offensive by Goukouni Oueddei's FROLINAT forces, who were routed. [50][53] The further upgraded Jaguar GR3A introduced the new EO GP1 (JRP) digital reconnaissance pod, a helmet-mounted sight, improved cockpit displays, a datalink, and improved night vision goggles compatibility. 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