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The distal femur broadens from the cylindrical shaft to form two curved condyles separated by an intercondylar groove. Anatomy of the Distal Femur, Patella, and Knee. Blunt dissection behind adductor magnus facilitates this. does not afford good rotational control unless a screw from the Locking configuration depends on Distal. the leg with two 5-mm Schanz pins. PCA is angle between sTEA and PCL (not marked in the picture) - "A study of anatomy of distal femur pertaining to total knee replacement: an analysis, conclusions and recommendations" Anatomynote.com found Proximal Leg And Distal Leg Bone Anatomy from plenty of anatomical pictures on the internet. The femur is found in the thigh. drill holes. The NexGen system was associated with a mean 0.46 mm greater implant size deviation than Persona (p < 0.001). Open subtypes (2) 33-E/3 Epiphyseal, SH III. The lower extremity of femur (or distal extremity) is the lower end of the femur (thigh bone) in human and other animals, closer to the knee. Knowledge of anatomy is crucial during placement of plates, which are often designed to be positioned along the anterior distal femur, approximating the border of the articular surface while avoiding intra-articular penetration of screws within the notch posteriorly or the trochlea anteriorly. Basic Anatomy. 11. Created by. For example, the distal end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end down by the knee; the end more distant from the torso. We defined satisfactory reproduction of distal femoral dimensions as < 1 mm difference between the implant and native femur size. Because of the anatomy of the distal femur, only surgical treatment is indicated to stabilize the fracture. Most distal femur fractures are the result of a severe axial load with a varus, valgus, or rotational force. Distal femur. Distal Femur – anterior view medial lateral right femur 38. As you can see, the femur can have a lot of … Infection & Critical Care. This cartilage cushions the knee joint and allows for your knee to bend. The main shaft of the femur is known as the body of the femur. Femur anatomy. Anatomy. 3 The Distal Portion of the Femur.—In frontal section in the distal 6 inches of the femur “there are to be seen two main systems of trabeculæ, a longitudinal and a transverse system. STUDY. Suitable for all fractures except with fracture intra articular fractures). 47(4):799, October 1999. If intercodylar The posterior and inferior surfaces articulate with the tibia and menisci of the knee, while the anterior surface articulates with the patella. - epiphyseal center of distal aspect of femur is present at birth in newborns, & it expands rapidly to fill both condylar regions. 11, 12 It is the last epiphysis to fuse in the adult. Check position The femur is known as a long bone. Open fractures occur in 5% to 10% of all distal femur fractures. the lateral condyle. for more anatomy content please follow us and visit our website: www.anatomynote.com. Since most TKR systems require an initial cut of between 7 mm to 10 mm from the distal femur, 8 mm was chosen. Then join 3 holes with seating chisel. This accounts for the physiologic valgus of the femur. Femur – Distal End. Douglas G. MD. Fractures: Report of a Technique. The supracondylar area of the femur is the zone between the femoral condyles and the junction of the metaphysis with the femoral shaft. Femur: The anterior surface of the femur with parts labeled. Distal Femur Posterior View medial lateral Medial Head of Gastrocnemius Originates from the posterior and upper aspects of medial femoral condyle Unites with the Lateral Head of Gastrocnemius and helps form the Achilles tendon right femur Medial Head 115. Learn. limited to medial femoral condyle. How can Fracture of the Distal Femur be Prevented? Author information: (1)Department of Orthopedics, ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India. It has rounded edges on either side of the knee joint, known as the condyles. Kumar K(1), Sharma D(2). Open subtypes (2) Epiphyseal. Parallel to the chapter 1: normal anatomy . Distal verbreitet der Femur sich in je einen Condylus medialis und lateralis. DISTAL FEMUR FRACTURE PRESENTOR -DR.SHARANPRASAD A H MODERATOR – DR. SRIKANTH K CHAIRPERSON – DR. ASHOK R NAYAK 2. Digital medical illustration depicting an intra-articular distal femur (thighbone) fracture extending into the knee joint. Anterior surface slopes downward from lateral to medial, 2. A bimodal age distribution exists, with a high incidence in young males from high-energy trauma, such as motor vehicle or motorcycle accidents or falls from a height, and a second peak in elderly women from minor falls. along with increasing the risk of notch penetration. Think of this when drilling top and bottom of intramedullary canal, centre intercondylar notch anterior sTEA is marked in the picture on the right, connecting the lateral epicondyle and medial sulcus. deformity. to origin of PCL on femur. Fig. The aspect ratio was calculated from these measurements (Fig. patellar groove anteriorly and the intercondylar notch tissue irritation. The femoral head projects medially and superiorly and articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis to form the hip joint. cortices. Insert screw as for DHS remember To prevent a Fracture of the Distal Femur, individuals should be careful and consciously aware, while performing any physical activities, such as sports, or even some normal daily activities that could lead to situations involving accidents. Your knee is the largest weight-bearing joint in the body. 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